Introduce General The U.S
General introduction of the United States
– Area: 9.372.610 km2
– Population: 274,028 million
– Capital: Washington
– National language: English
– Independence day: 04/07/1776
– Belief: Protestant
– Currency: US dollars
Introduce General The U.S is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district. Washington DC capital is in central North America. The U.S borders Pacific Ocean in the west, Atlantic Ocean in the east, Canada in the north and Mexico in the south. The state of Alaska in the northwestern part of North America, borders Canada in the east. The state of Hawaii is in central Pacific Ocean. The United States has 14 territories or it’s called the Caribbean and the Pacific. New York is the largest city in the country. The United States is the most populous, ethnically diverse and multicultural nation.
Map of the USA
At 9.83 million km2, the U.S is the world’s third largest country by total area, ranking behind Russia and China.
The United States, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. The climate is temperate in majority of regions. Hawaii and the southern tip of Florida are tropical. Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. The climate is Mediterranean in coastal California.
With growth regions from tropical climate to polar climate, megadiverse plants, over 17,000 species of vascular plants occur in the United States. The United States is home to over 400 mammal species, 700 bird species, 500 reptile species and amphibian species, and 90,000 insect species have been described.
The United States is an economic country with a large influence on world’s economy. There’re companies, groups and private companies established in the U.S., which are main factors of microeconomy and affect the whole of the U.S. economy. The United States is not a country with the world’s most developed economy but it’s a country with a stably developed economy, low rate of unemployment, high labor productivity. GDP per capital of 2015 is 51,248.21 USD, raking seventh in 10 countries with the highest GDP in the world. Besides, the U.S. is also a country with abundant natural resources and developed infrastructure. And the United States is the largest importer of goods and largest exporter in the world.
Science and technology
The United States has been a leader in technological innovation and scientific research since the late 19th century. The United States leads the world in scientific research papers and impact factor. The United States is a develop country and cultivate mainly genetically modified food. Biotechnological crop of the U.S. is applied in over half of world’s land.
The U.S. population is over 320 million but there’re over 250 million cars, making up about 1/4 against total cars in the world. Therefore, main vehicle in the United States is cars. In the urban areas, main used vehicles includes taxi, bus or underground and sky train… making up about 10% against total demand (against 40% equal to that in Europe). Especially, few of bicycles are used. For route of over 500km, planes are favorite ones.
The U.S. health-care system far outspends any other nation, measured in both per capita spending and percentage of GDP. Not like majority of other developed countries, the U.S. health-care system is not absolutely socialized but it’s a combination of public and private efforts.
The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. When referring general culture of majority of the U.S. people, it’s means “the American mainstream culture.” It is a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of European immigrants, firstly from Dutch immigrants and England immigrants. The U.S. culture is also affected by German, Ireland and Scotland cultures. Several traditions of American natives and culture features of slaves from Western Africa are brought to the American mainstream culture.
Apple pie, baseball and U.S flag are cultural characteristics of this country. Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Western countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain. Traditional dishes use indigenous ingredients, such as turkey, venison, potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup which were consumed by Native Americans and early European settlers.
Slow-cooked pork, grilled beef, crab cake, potato chips, and chocolate chip cookie are American style food.
Characteristic dishes such as apple pie, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants from Europe. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed.
The U.S. has a population of about 322 million (according to the statistics of 2014)
English is a national language. Spain is spoken by 10% of the population.
About over 76% of the population are Christian.
Sport is very important in the U.S. It’s a part in student life at schools. Popular sports includes baseball, volleyball, soccer, hockey and lacrosse (it’s a sport using lacrosse stick to catch and pass a ball)
Men and women sport clubs such as tennis, golf and boxing attends international competitions and achieve success at Olympic competitions. There’re several sports in the U.S. such as swimming, skiing. Auto and motorbikes racing are also favorite sports of the U.S. citizens. Fishing and hunting are two types of traditional entertainment.